I-ThERM Project aim is to…

Investigate, design, build and demonstrate innovative plug and play waste heat recovery solutions to facilitate optimum utilisation of energy in selected applications with high replicability and energy recovery potential in the temperature range 70℃ – 1000℃.

Project Objectives


Identify and quantify streams of waste heat from industrial processes in the EU 28 and potential for energy recovery


Use the ‘EINSTEIN’ toolkit to carry out energy audits, analyse the technical potential and economic viability of heat recovery.


Develop heat recovery technologies and equipment in packaged or easily customisable plug and play forms that can readily be selected and applied in industry.


Develop an intelligent system for monitoring and on-line integration and control of the operation of these technologies to maximise heat recovery and minimise operating costs and emissions.


Investigate and evaluate organisational, technoeconomic and socioeconomic barriers to the wide adoption of advanced heat recovery technologies and ways of overcoming these barriers.


Implement, monitor and evaluate the performance of heat recovery applications, evaluate their impact on overall energy consumption and CO2 emissions and disseminate the outputs widely to industry, other key stakeholders and
policy makers.

Work Packages

WP1: Management, Coordination IPR and Exploitation

WP1 includes all the coordination and management activities that will be carried out by I-ThERM during the project.

WP3: Web-based Heat Recovery Monitoring and Optimising Tool

EINSTEIN is a flexible tool for the assessment of the techno-economic potential for heat recovery from specific industrial processes, factories and industrial sites that has been developed mainly in the Framework of two European projects (EINSTEIN and EINSTEIN-II).

WP5: sCO2 Power Generation System

The key objective in WP5 is to demonstrate the technical feasibility of a small 50 kW electrical sCO2 Cycle that has superior performance in terms of efficiency and modularity to ORC and other waste heat conversion systems for medium temperature waste heat sources.

WP7: Development of a Heat Pipe based Condensing Economizer (HPCE)

This WP is dedicated to the development of a heat pipe based condensing economizer (HPCE) that will maximize the waste heat recovery by reclaiming the latent heat from the water vapor in flue gases through cooling them to a temperature below the dew point of their water vapor.

WP9: Development of Coatings for Heat Exchanger

Main objective of this WP is the development of coatings for improving the properties of heat pipes developed in WP6, overcoming corrosion and stability problems and reducing the cost of maintenance.

WP2: Industry Waste Heat in EU27 and Demonstration Sites

Examine technology and business requirements and approaches to heat recovery.

WP4. Develop TFC Power Generation System

The principle objective of this Work Package is to design and develop an industrial sized prototype for application of the unit to a suitable waste stream in Tata Steel.

WP6: Development of Flat Heat Pipe System (FHPS)

This WP is dedicated to the development of Flat Heat pipe System, FHPS, to facilitate the waste heat recovery from hot streams/surfaces of temperatures above 500°C. The recovered heat will be utilized in the processing plant to reduce the energy bill of the manufacturing plant.

WP8: System Controls and Integration

Overall, the optimal control system design approach will be based on a two-step procedure.

WP10: Technology Demonstration and Energy and Environmental Analysis

The main objective of this work package is the installation and commissioning of the technologies at the demonstration sites, monitoring and evaluation of the performance of the technologies over a period of 10 months, and reporting of the outputs for dissemination and exploitation.

WP11: Communication, Engagement, Dissemination

One of the important objectives of this project is to disseminate the technologies developed during the previous work packages as widely as possible. All project results will be formulated and compiled into a protectable form and all necessary patents and copyrights will be filed.